Archive for 'Various Buildings'

The Kingdom of Naples, Part 3: Charles II (1285-1309)

Porto Mercantile

Charles II, the second king of Naples (without Sicily), succeeded his father, Charles I, in 1285. Clara Erskine Clement describes in her 1894 book, Naples, the City of Parthenope and its Environs:

Charles II. of Anjou was a worthy successor of his father in the conception and execution of public works. He constructed the original Molo Grande and the Porto Mercantile, or Porto Grande, in 1302; he continued the building of the cathedral, and erected S. Domenico Maggiore, still one of the finest churches in Naples, and founded the less important S. Pietro Martire.

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The Kingdom of Naples, Part 2: Charles I (1266-1285)

Charles ISource: Bob and Nella’s World

Having defeated Manfred, the last Hohenstaufen king of Sicily, in 1266, Charles of Anjou, the brother of King Louis IX of France, was crowned king of Sicily. In 1282, Charles lost the control of the island of Sicily itself but retained the kingdom’s territory on the southern part of the Italian Peninsula. This resulted in there being two kingdoms of Sicily, one on Sicily and the other on the peninsula. Both would be called the Kingdom of Sicily, but Charles’s remaining territory is more commonly known today as the Kingdom of Naples, after its major city. › Continue reading…

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The Kingdom of Naples, Part 1: Background: From the Normans to the Hohenstaufens

Naples

In her 1894 book, Naples, the City of Parthenope and its Environs, author Clara Erskine Clement [Waters] (1834-1916) goes through the history of the Italian city, discussing the various surviving buildings that were constructed by successive monarchs over the centuries. Let’s follow her and see what has survived to the present! What today we call the Kingdom of Naples did not come into existence until the 1280s after the Sicilian Vespers split the Kingdom of Sicily into two sections. Clement begins the second chapter of her book before that split, with reign of Frederick II, who became king of Sicily (which then included Naples) in 1198 and Holy Roman Emperor in 1220. › Continue reading…

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Harriet Beecher Stowe in Scotland, Part Fourteen: Adieu to Scotland

001

Before Harriet Beecher Stowe left Scotland she had the opportunity to visit the studio of the painter Sir George Harvey (1806-1876) and saw two of his works there: “The Covenanters’ Communion” and “Quitting the Manse.” › Continue reading…

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Harriet Beecher Stowe in Scotland, Part Twelve: Making Calls

carriage

On the evening of the 26th of April, 1853, the day that Harriet Beecher Stowe visited Abbotsford, Dryburgh and Melrose, she attended a meeting of the Scottish Temperance League. She describes her itinerary for the following day in Sunny Memories of Foreign Lands, Volume I:

The day after we returned from Melrose we spent in resting and riding about, as we had two engagements in the evening—one at a party at the house of Mr. Douglas, of Cavers, and the other at a public temperance soirĂ©e. Mr. Douglas is the author of several works which have excited attention; but perhaps you will remember him best by his treatise on the Advancement of Society in Religion and Knowledge. He is what is called here a “laird,” a man of good family, a large landed proprietor, a zealous reformer, and a very devout man.

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Harriet Beecher Stowe in Scotland, Part Ten: Dryburgh Abbey

Dryburgh AbbeyDryburgh Abbey. flickr: Bert Kaufmann / Creative Commons

After visiting Abbotford, Harriet Beecher Stowe was next taken to see two ruined abbeys, Dryburgh Abbey and Melrose Abbey. She was reminded of Scott’s poem, “The Eve of St. John,” which mentiones both places. › Continue reading…

Harriet Beecher Stowe in Scotland, Part Eight: Dundee

St Peter's Free ChurchSt. Peter’s Free Church, Dundee. geograph: Dan / Creative Commons

In keeping with her usual hectic schedule while in Scotland, Harriet Beecher Stowe arrived in Dundee on the afternoon of April 22, 1853, attended an anti-slavery meeting that evening, rode around the city by carriage the next day and left by 2:00 in the afternoon to return to Edinburgh. As her brother Charles noted in his diary, Stowe and her party had now visited the four principal cities of Scotland: Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Dundee (Harriet Beecher Stowe in Europe, Stowe-Day Foundation, 1986, p. 53). › Continue reading…

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